One of the USA's most famous attractions with a & # 39 is the United States Capitol dome, or cupola, adorning its roof. The dome of the Capitol with a pure white sandstone shines – a symbol of democracy and power. An exciting place when illuminated at night, with the & # 39 is an appropriate ending for the building, which he is crowned. Located on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, he has the Senate and the House Chambers of the legislative branch. This is one of the most emblematic and architecturally impressive buildings of our nation.
Kupalka initial design began with a design competition of the Capitol, which was led by Thomas Jefferson, who was secretary of state under President George Washington. The award of $ 500.00 and for many of the city prepared a plan for victory. It was submitted 17 plans, none of which has not been approved. Then in the fall I received a letter from Dr. William Thornton to submit a plan that commissioners have provided. The building is characterized by a central dome (dome).
The dome should be placed over the rotunda and dome structure was two. The inner dome towering 96 feet above the floor of the rotunda and was built of stone; appearance was a wooden dome with a copper roof and climbed to 140 feet. Sex Rotonda was illuminated from the lane in the top of the dome. Thomas Jefferson called it "the first temple dedicated to the sovereignty of the people."
With the growth of the United States and increasing the number of states needed to expand the Union. The expansion built on the north and south. With these additions, the original dome was not of aesthetic nature. To achieve a balance, the size of the vase should be proportional to the length of an unbroken line of the roof. Old kupalka was dangerous fire, because it was made of a wooden frame. For these reasons, new fire dome was considered necessary. It was the most extensive initiative in the history of American architecture.
Wooden dome was removed in the autumn of 1856 a new dome was three times higher than the original dome and built with cast iron columns, pilasters, dozens of windows and crowned with a statue. The Big Picture The Apotheosis of Washington was painted on the shell, and the canopy suspended between the inner and outer dome and is visible through the back of the head at the top of the inner dome. Apotheosis – is a Greek word meaning "to raise to God like growth." & # 39;
Dome with its circular shape have been called the perfect architectural form, a circle – a symbol of the universe. In religious architecture domes proclaim the glory of God. Oculus or dome eye is considered to be the gateway of the sun. From this gateway at the top of the World Kupala rises here, the link between heaven and earth.
Rotunda – a circular room, located on the second floor of the Capitol, on which was to be located dome. It is this room served as a ceremonial center of the United States Capitol, and is known as a symbolic and physical heart of the US Capitol.
As the growth of the United States it is clear that the state government viewed Capitol building dome of the United States as a candidate of the architectural image. Many states have decided to varying degrees to mimic the structure during the construction of their own State Capitol, including in their projects central dome or cupola.
Dome acquired a dominant stay in America style, symbol of democracy and the desire to enable all citizens to live in dignity and freedom.